average height of whitetail deer

During development, the antlers are covered with a spongy tissue called velvet. The buck, on average, reaches about 6 feet in length and 3 to 4 feet in height at the shoulders. During fall and early winter after velvet is shed, male white-tailed deer will have hardened antlers. 3D Model. The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years. For 3D Downloads of this element, upgrade to a Dimensions Pro Membership. Weights vary considerably, but an average adult male weighs 175 pounds while a female weighs about 120 pounds. Leg, pedicle and velvet injuries can all lead to antler deformations. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America. Average deer field dressed weights by age-class will indicate whether you are gaining or losing ground with your deer management program. Scaled 2D drawings and 3D models available for download. Adults are about 72 inches in length, with males and females weighing an average of 203 and 155 pounds, respectively. classes of white-tailed deer can provide important information on trends within a deer herd. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. Some buck fawns are as tall as their mothers by late fall; but the young males are lean. Not because of the relatively small racks on their heads; but by their body shape. They are most active during periods of subdued light. Whitetail Deer have good eyesight and hearing, but depend mainly on their sense of smell to detect danger. The circumference of the eye is about 4 inches. Also, there are 220 species of even-toed ungulates while there are 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Life Expectancy Approximately 10 years in the wild. The underside and throat are white, the tail brown above and white below. Whitetailed deer are very strong animals. Figure 7. At this age, most bucks will not have a spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are standing erect. They generally consume herbaceous vegetation in spring, summer. Shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates include them being mostly herbivores, and having 2 or 4 functional toes. Small deer = 14"-15". Drawings include:
White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running), Wikipedia - DeerLive Science - Deer Facts. According to the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, adult white-tailed deer stand between 36 and 42 inches tall at the shoulder. The whitetail deer is known for its characteristic long tail, which is white underneath. Especially big bucks may be 42 inches high. The average whitetail stands between 36 and 40 inches high at the top of the shoulder. Predation is mainly in the form of harassment by dogs. The average weight can go up by about twenty pounds or so depending on the area you’re hunting in, but whitetail really aren’t that large of an animal. Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. 1. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. White-tailed deer can reach a total length of approximately 6 feet and a height of approximately 3 feet at the shoulder. White-tailed Deer Weights Since 1962, average field dressed weights for bucks (harvested during public hunts) of all age classes have increased. In a thick woods this might be 8 or 10 feet to see under tree cover. Even with these, the coons will hang from the tubes Here is a video by Jim Kroll demonstrating some of his research results culminating in … The average body size of mule deer is usually larger than white-tailed deer; however this is not a great identification tool because you rarely have both species standing next to each other for comparison. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. White-tailed deer length ranges from 95 to 220 cm (37 to 87 in), including a tail of 10 to 36.5 cm (3.9 to 14.4 in), and the shoulder height is 53 to 120 cm (21 to 47 in). Reasons for deformed antlers. These results are a response of rotational grazing, prescribed burning, cedar control, and proper harvest of white-tailed deer and exotics. On the edge of a food plot it might be twice that height. Join our monthly newsletter! Lead Deer. It assumes that there is a definite co-relation between girth and mass. The white-tailed deer is common throughout the state. They are tan or reddish brown in the summer and grayish brown in the winter. They have a total length of between 60 to 75 inches and an average weight of about 150 pounds. Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. White-tailed deer may grow deformed antlers as a result of an injury. Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live and forage for grasses and shrubs in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grassland environments. A whitetail’s antlers can grow at an average of up to 2 inches per week! Large deer = 18"-20". Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer. Availability of food and proximity to cover make all the difference. They are tan or reddish brown in the summer and grayish brown in the winter. They occur in many habitats from the swamps of the Eastern Shore to the mountains in the west. Their average height is about 3 feet tall. The breeding season is from late September through February, and concentrated in the last two weeks of November and they usually produce1-3 fawns each year. As a point of reference -- and forgetting about those monster bucks of Canada and tiny deer of the South -- the average buck has a distance of 16 inches between the tips of his ears, when the ears are in the alter position. Of this, the tail may comprise 11.6 to 23 cm (4.6 to 9.1 in). The whitetail deer is one of the largest American deer. From February through August bucks are generally in small groups, during other times, bucks are generally solitary and in the fall, bucks, with hardened antlers, challenge each other for control of a harem of does. The underside and throat are white, the tail brown above and white below. Even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4) while odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes. This species consumes herbaceous plant parts, woody plant parts, herbaceous fruit and fleshy fungi. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter. Ultimately, they resemble a doe with antlers. Male white-tailed deer with antlers in the velvet stage. White-Tailed Deer. Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. Body height is a bad barometer for picking out an adult doe. What are the shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates? While it is true that almost any gunshot and arrow can kill a deer you always want to aim for the vital area of a deer, the heart and lung area. Male Whitetail Deer have antlers, which are shed from January to March. Here are some top of back to bottom of brisket estimates for other common North American game animals taken from various sources, but primarily from Jack O'Connor's book The Hunting Rifle: Pronghorn antelope = 14"-15". Scientific name: Odocoileus virginianus Average weight: 68 to 141 kg (male) 41 to 96 kg (female) Average height: 68 to 114 cm Average lifespan:6 to 14 years (in captivity) Their legs look like springs when they jump. © 2020 Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources. Below There are about 220 species of even-toed ungulates. Deer grow a lightweight, reddish-brown coat in the summer and a Medium size deer = 17"-18". The average weight of an adult male white-tailed deer is about 150 lbs., but in the northernmost end of their range the deer can exceed 250 lbs.! Florida Whitetail Deer average height is 28 to 31 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 75 and 125 lbs. For example, hold your hand straight out in front of you, palm facing you, now move your hand down toward your waist, palm still facing you. PGC > Wildlife > Wildlife Species > White-tailed Deer > Deer Weight Chart. Want updates on new Dimensions content? The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). Source(s): height average whitetail deer: https://shortly.im/1GIS8. The white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, was so named because the underside of its tail is covered with white hair, and when it runs it often holds its tail erect so that the white undersurface is visible.Whitetails belong to the Cervidae family, which in North America includes the elk, moose, caribou and mule deer. South Carolina State Record: The 1906-2010 SC White-tailed Deer Antler Records are divided into Non-Typical White-tailed and Typical White-Tailed Deer. The idea behind an “ideal’ tree stand height is to position the hunter over and above the immediate selected hunting area to maximize observational viewing. Use our Size Comparison calculator to compare the dimensional properties of White-Tailed Deer with other related elements from our database. Figure 6. Acorns, fruits and crops are taken in the fall, and browse evergreen vegetation in winter. Keep in mind that the size will actually be smaller when looking at a downward angle. What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates? Fawns may be taken by bobcat. A GPS tracking study in Texas showed an average home range of 2,271 acres. Updated daily. At 1½ years, bucks are all legs. The average summer weight of adult males is 68 kg (150 lb) and is 45.3 kg (100 lb) in adult females. ©2020 Dimensions.com | All rights reserved. In many parts of the West, in fact, whitetails routinely make treks of 2-3 miles between preferred bedding areas in … The antlers grow out again in April or May and lose their velvet in August or September. The males have antlers with main beam forward and several unbranched tines. The first important step in learning to make a one-shot-kill is to know where the vital organs are located in a whitetail deer. Weight Index Charts for White-tailed Deer in Texas Weight BUCKS Weight DOES Index Fawn 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.5 6.5 Index Fawn 1.5 2.5 3.5 + 130% 56 92 109 122 137 142 144 130% 48 74 85 90 128% 55 91 108 120 134 140 142 128% 47 73 83 88 126% 54 89 106 118 132 137 140 126% 47 72 82 87 124% 53 What do white-tailed deer look like? Deer Body Types Vary. Whitetails begin growing their antlers in the Spring and they can grow at an average rate of up to two inches per week! Deer vary in size and females can weigh between 90-211 pounds, while males are between 150-310 pounds. The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. The co-relation may be present but, not always. Their bodies allow them to survive … The most notable difference between odd and even-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. The height at the shoulders is 90-105 cm, length 134-206 cm, and weight (M) 90-135 kg (F) 67-112 kg. Animals that are even-toed ungulates include the saola, pygmy hog, bawean deer, addax, tamaraw, togian babirusa, walia ibex, and rhim gazelle. Subscribed! Begin Main Content Area Deer Weight Estimating Chart The chart below will help you estimate your deer's live weight, field dressed weight and also edible meat weight. Weight depends on age, sex, and physical condition, but adult males (bucks) weigh an average of 120–160 pounds, while females (does) average 80–120 pounds. The males have antlers with main beam forward and several unbranched tines. Deer are cloven hooved ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. Others are full of meat but with smaller girths. The girth method does not take this into consideration. I know that at the shoulders deer are 3-3.5 foot tall, but I would like to know how tall the average deer stands if you measured from the top of it's head to it's hooves. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often. 42 inches high is the ideal height. 3DM, OBJ, SKP formats, Dimensions is a project by Fantastic Offense. Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. Some deer are skinny with large girths. They feed in fields and openings and retreat to forest for cover. A confirmation email has been sent. If a group of deer is traveling through, the lead deer will often be a mature doe. White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). In the summer, their fur is reddish brown or tan. Each ear is about 6 inches in length. White-tailed deer and mule deer look very similar, but a few key characteristics will help you distinguish between the two. The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years. The most characteristic feature of the white-tailed deer is the white underside of its tail or "flag" that is flashed when disturbed. They also have grooves at their ankle joints while helps them resist lateral motion. Select an item on the right to compare relative dimensions to White-Tailed Deer. Substantial Subspecies – Scientists estimate that there may be between 30 and 40 sub species of whitetail deer across their range. Height of average whitetail deer? Fawns are reddish brown and white spotted. 0 0. wilcoxson. Deer are graceful, sleek and have long legs, which makes them look taller than their actual height of 35 to 38 inches. White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The back of the deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump to the shoulder. Including all races, the average summer weight of adult males is 68 kg (150 lb) and is 45.3 kg (100 lb) in adult females. Look for wider deer if you get a front-on or back-on view. White-tailed deer can be recognized by their white bottomed tail used as a warning flag; mule deer tails are a more cream colored with a distinct black tip. The preferred habitat is mixed forest of moderate age, croplands adjacent to forested areas, and early forest successional stages near mature forest. You cannot place a gravity feeder high enough that a raccoon cannot access it & still have a deer able to reach it. Bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age. Doe fawns are just dainty. Comparing body weights between age-classes can be misleading. PDF. Length ranges from 95 to 220 cm (37 to 87 in), including a tail of 10 to 37 cm (3.9 to 14.6 in), and the shoulder height is 53 to 120 cm (21 to 47 in). Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig. The height at the shoulders is 90-105 cm, length 134-206 cm, and weight (M) 90-135 kg (F) 67-112 kg. Mortality factors include hunting, motor vehicles, poaching, depredation, dogs, fences, cripples, and trains respectively. Wisconsin Whitetail Deer - When they are running away from predators, whitetail deer have the ability to run at high speeds & jump very high fences. It weighs from 100 to 300 pounds or more. Where the vital organs are located in a whitetail deer: https: //shortly.im/1GIS8, and having 2 4! Because of the largest American deer and it can take from 24 to 48 for! 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