ho chi minh city demographics

[92] It's currently ranked in the top five best cities in the world for street food. Following the death of Franklin Roosevelt and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies, the U.S. (in an attempt to control the spread of communism) supported France in regaining its control over the country, with effective control spanning mostly in the Southern half and parts of the Red River Delta region like Hanoi, Haiphong and Thái Bình.[24][25]. By the end of 2013, the city's GDP grew 9.3%, with GDP per capita reaching $4,500. [citation needed], As of June 2006, the city had three export processing zones and twelve industrial parks, in addition to Quang Trung Software Park and Ho Chi Minh City hi-tech park. The park also includes a software training school. Saigon and Cholon, an adjacent city with mostly Sino-Vietnamese residents, were combined into an administrative unit known as the Đô Thành Sài Gòn (Capital City Saigon), or Thủ đô Sài Gòn (National Capital Saigon). However, there is a technical difference between the two terms: Sài Gòn is commonly used to refer to the city center in District 1 and the adjacent areas, while Ho Chi Minh City refers more to the entire modern city with all its urban and rural districts. [88] Other private universities include The Saigon International University (or SIU) is another private university run by the Group of Asian International Education. As well as being a sporting venue, it is also the site of a music school. [47] The population of the city is expanding faster than earlier predictions. 33.1°C vs 23.4°C The percentage of Facebook users among a whole city population indicates how familiar are city’s inhabitants with web 2.0 and shows how popular the social media are. [89] Enrollment at SIU averages about 12,000 students[90] Depending on the type of program, tuition at SIU costs US$5,000–6,000 per year.[91]. (VOVWORLD) - The fertility rate in Ho Chi Minh City is now at an alarmingly low level with a woman having 1.39 children on average, significantly lower than Vietnam's replacement-level fertility of 2.09 children, according to the General Office for Population and Family Planning. [93], The city's media is the most developed in the country. [61] Total trade (export and import) reached $47.7 billion, with export at $21.57 billion and import $26.14 billion. The current chairman is Nguyễn Thành Phong. [28] On average, the city experiences between 2,400 and 2,700 hours of sunshine per year. The current … The next largest is Army Stadium, located near Tan Son Nhat Airport in Tân Bình district. In 2015, the population of Ho Chi Minh City amounted to about 11.78 million inhabitants, showing an … In addition to the above public universities, Ho Chi Minh City is also home to several private universities. 2017 estimates from the General Statistics offices, maintain a network of tunnels beneath the city. While 34% of the population has no religious affiliation, 12% identifies as Roman Catholic and 4% practice other religions such as Hao Hao, Cao Dai, Hinduism, and Islam. Subsequently, the only remaining Khmers' sea access was south-westerly at the Gulf of Thailand e.g. District 7 (Quận 7) is an urban district of Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam.As of 2010, the district had a population of 274,828 and an area of 36 km². [28] The dry season lasts from December to April. District One Ho Chi Minh City is … [citation needed] In 1623, King Chey Chettha II of Cambodia (1618–28) allowed Vietnamese refugees fleeing the Trịnh–Nguyễn civil war in Vietnam to settle in the area of Prey Nokor and to set up a customs house there. [13], Other proposed etymologies draw parallels from Tai-Ngon (堤 岸), the Cantonese name of Cholon, which means "embankment" (French: quais),[nb 4] and Vietnamese Sai Côn, a translation of the Khmer Prey Nokor (Khmer: ព្រៃនគរ). The first expressway is Ho Chi Minh City - Trung Luong Expressway, opened in 2010, connecting Ho Chi Minh City with Tiền Giang and the Mekong Delta. In time, under the control of the Vietnamese, it was officially renamed Gia Dinh (嘉定), a name that was retained until the time of the French conquest in the 1860s, when it adopted the name Sài Gòn, westernized as Saïgon,[7] This area is likely where modern Ho Chi Minh City now lies, and was inhabited by Khmer people for centuries before the arrival of the Vietnamese. 33.33% lower population density Other projects include Grandview, Waterfront, Sky Garden, Riverside and Phu Gia 99. The population of Ho Chi Minh City, as of the 1 October 2004 census, was 6,117,251 (of which 19 inner districts had 5,140,412 residents and 5 suburban districts had 976,839 inhabitants). Prior to Vietnamese settlement in the 17th century, the city was a scarcely populated area that had been part of historic kingdoms of Funan, Champa, and Khmer successively. 80% of people laid off in the country have already found jobs before the layoff takes effect. [34] In mid-2007, the city's population was 6,650,942 – with the 19 inner districts home to 5,564,975 residents and the five suburban districts containing 1,085,967 inhabitants. The population density states that 4,097 individuals are residing per square kilometer (approximately 10,610 residents per square mile) within the city. Many major international TV channels are provided through two cable networks (SCTV and HTVC), with over one million subscribers. [46], In 2013, GDP of the city grew 7.6% by Q1, 8.1% by Q2, and 10.3% by the end of Q3. [31][32] A once-in-100 year flood would cause 23% of the city to flood.[33]. During the 1968 Tet Offensive, communist forces launched a failed attempt to capture the city. In 2019, on average, almost 4,400 people were living in a square kilometer in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. [57], In 2007, the city's GDP was estimated at $14.3 billion, or about $2,180 per capita, up 12.6 percent from 2006 and accounting for 20% of the country's GDP. The main means of transport within the city are motorbikes, cars, buses, taxis, and bicycles. 1951 1,231,000 Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh;[nb 1] French: Hô Chi Minh-Ville) commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn;[nb 2] French: Saïgon) is the most populous and largest city of Vietnam. The cities with the lowest unemployment rates tend to have better opportunities for residents as well as those looking to move into the city. It borders Tây Ninh Province and Bình Dương Province to the north, Đồng Nai Province and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province to the east, Long An Province to the west and the East Sea to the south with a coast 15 km (9 mi) long. Additionally, crude oil is a popular economic base in the city. Cholon – in District 5 and parts of Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is home to the largest Chinese community in Vietnam. How does Ho Chi Minh City compare to Mexico City? Concerning its economic structure, the service sector accounts for 51.1%, industry and construction account for 47.7% and forestry, agriculture and others make up just 1.2%.[64]. The name is derived from the previous name of the city when it was part of the French colony of Cochin-China before the reunification of north and south Vietnam. There are some parts of the tunnel system that have since fallen into disrepair, but much of it remains intact. [28] The highest temperature recorded was 40.0 °C (104 °F) in April while the lowest temperature recorded was 13.8 °C (57 °F) in January. It was renamed Ho Chi Minh City, after the spiritual leader of Vietnamese Communism, but residents were so reluctant to adopt the new name that authorities kept the official name but the city centre is … With the arrival of the Vietnamese, the area became more prosperous and officials began establishing the city from 1623 to 1698. [49] Ho Chi Minh City has grown by 230,889 since 2015, which represents a 2.76% annual change. Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology, Satramart – 460 3/2 Street, Ward 12, District 10, SC VivoCity (2015) – 1058 Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, Zen Plaza (1995) – 54–56 Nguyễn Trãi St, District 1, Co.opmart – Multiple locations (District 1, District 3, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 10, District 11, District 12, Binh Chanh District, Binh Tan District, Binh Thanh District, Cu Chi District, Go Vap District, Hoc Mon District, Phu Nhuan District, Tan Phu District, and Thu Duc District), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 10:00. [22] Saïgon and Cholon, meanwhile, remained separate cities with their respective mayors and municipal councils. In 1698, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh, a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyễn rulers of Huế by sea[19] to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the area, thus detaching the area from Cambodia, which was not strong enough to intervene. [17] Prey Nokor grew on the site of a small fishing village and area of forest. Ho Chi Minh City is home to a number of association football clubs. The executive committee of Communist Party of Ho Chi Minh City is the leading organ of the Communist Party in Ho Chi Minh City. [nb 3] (212) 419-8286. hadley.ward@statista.com. [69], It was approximated that 4.3 million tourists visited Vietnam in 2007, of which 70 percent, approximately 3 million tourists, visited Ho Chi Minh City. Right now, Ho Chi Minh City has an average population density of over 4,500 per square kilometer, higher than Shanghai. Some other important higher education establishments include HCMC University of Pedagogy, University of Economics, University of Architecture, Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, Nong Lam University (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry), University of Law, University of Technical Education, University of Banking, University of Industry, Open University,[87] University of Sports and Physical Education, University of Fine Arts, University of Culture, the Conservatory of Music, the Saigon Institute of Technology, Văn Lang University, Saigon University and Hoa Sen University. The city's police department also fielded a football team in the 1990s, Công An Thành Phố, which won the V-League championship in 1995. [citation needed] Unlike other theatrical organisations found in Vietnam's provinces and municipalities, residents of Ho Chi Minh City keep their theatres active without the support of subsidies from the Vietnamese government. District 7 is connected to the city of Thủ Đức by the Phú Mỹ Bridge, which opened in September 2009.The Phú Mỹ Hưng New City … During the rainy season, a combination of high tide, heavy rains, high flow volume in the Saigon River and Dong Nai River and land subsidence results in regular flooding in several parts of the city. Some even allow guests to sample life through a traditional meal that would have been eaten by soldiers in the tunnels. Ho Chi Minh City, commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, is the most populous city in Vietnam with a population of 9 million as of 2019. The city has hundreds of printing and publishing houses, many bookstores and a widespread network of public and school libraries; the city's General Library houses over 1.5 million books. Notable high schools in Ho Chi Minh City include Lê Hồng Phong High School for the Gifted, Phổ Thông Năng Khiếu High School for the Gifted, Trần Đại Nghĩa High School for the Gifted, Nguyễn Thượng Hiền High School, Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai High School, Gia Định High School, Lê Quý Đôn High School, Marie Curie High School, Võ Thị Sáu High School and among others. Taxis are plentiful and usually have meters, although it is also common to agree on a price before taking a long trip, for example, from the airport to the city centre. Try our corporate solution for free! After it was ceded by the last Vietnamese dynasty to the French in 1862, the name Saigon was adopted and the city underwent urbanisation to become an important economic centre in the region. In addition, there are several smaller stations such as Dĩ An, Thủ Đức, Bình Triệu, Gò Vấp. [85] The Ho Chi Minh City - Long Khanh Expressway is under planning and will be constructed in the near future. The result of the 2009 Census shows that the city's population was 7,162,864 people, about 8.34% of the total population of Vietnam, making it the highest population-… Ho Chi Minh City is a municipality at the same level as Vietnam's provinces, which is subdivided into 22 district-level sub-divisions (as of 2020): They are further subdivided into 5 commune-level towns (or townlets), 58 communes, and 249 wards (as of 2020[update], see List of HCMC administrative units below). In its report about arrangement of administrative units at commune and district levels in the 2019-2021 period and establishment of Thu Duc District, the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee said that most wards in the city do not meet the standards on natural area according to the National Assembly Standing Committee’s resolution 1211/2016 as they are thickly populated. [82] There are approximately 340,000 cars and 3.5 million motorcycles in the city, which is almost double compared with Hanoi. According to statistics by GSO in 2017, Ho Chi Minh City has a total area of 2,095.6 km2 with a population of 8.61 million. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (age groups). In December 2007, Phu My Hung's new City Centre completed the 17.8 km 10–14 lane wide Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard linking the Saigon port areas, Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone to the National Highway 1 and the Mekong Delta area. [68], The city has various museums including the Ho Chi Minh City Museum, Museum of Vietnamese History, the Revolutionary Museum, the Museum of south-eastern Armed Forces, the War Remnants Museum, the Museum of Southern Women, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Nha Rong Memorial House, and the Ben Duoc Relic of Underground Tunnels. Mobile phone service is provided by a number of companies, including Viettel Mobile, MobiFone, VinaPhone, and Vietnam Mobile. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. Located in southeastern Vietnam, the city surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,061 square kilometres. Many cities throughout the world maintain a network of tunnels beneath the city. The judiciary branch of the city is the Ho Chi Minh City People's Court. One of the most notable is RMIT International University Vietnam, a campus of Australian public research RMIT University with an enrollment of about 6,000 students. Under communist control, Ho Chi Minh City lost its administrative functions, and strenuous efforts were made to reduce its population and dependence upon foreign imports and to nationalize its commercial enterprises. The district's density is 26,538 inhabitants per square kilometre (68,730/sq mi), very high compared to Ho Chi Minh City (3,419/km (8,860/sq mi)) and Vietnam (259/km (670/sq mi)) respectively. The Story of Ho Chi Minh City. In 2014, tourism revenue has hit VND 78.7 trillion (US$3.7 billion), up to 4 percent compared to the same period in 2013. Since 2016, Sài Gòn F.C. In 1976, the government of a unified Vietnam renamed Saigon to its current official name in honour of the communist leader Hồ Chí Minh. In 2007, Ho Chi Minh City's contribution to the annual revenues in the national budget increased by 30 percent, accounting for about 20.5 percent of total revenues. The only city to come close to the overall population of Ho Chi Minh city is the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, which has a population of 6.4 million and a population density of 5,000 per square mile. [11] When the Cham Empire was invaded by the Khmer people, Baigaur was renamed Prey Nokor,[11] which meant "Forest City". Ho Chi Minh City has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic, cultural and political groups. [citation needed]. 16.1°C higher average maximum temperature? [28], Ho Chi Minh City is considered one of the cities most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, in particular flooding. [citation needed], Tourist attractions in Ho Chi Minh City are mainly related to periods of French colonization and the Vietnam War. How does Ho Chi Minh City compare to Seoul? In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Answer: Ho Chi Minh City (TP. Truong Mealy (former Cambodian Ambassador to Japan), quoted in Touch Bora, "Jacobsen history challenged". [76] Within the city, the two main stations are Sóng Thần and Sài Gòn. District 2 was merged with District 9 and Thủ Đức District to become Thu Duc City on December 9th 2020 by Standing Committee of the National Assembly's approval. 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In 2017 cities in the World for Street food than earlier predictions Army Stadium, located near Tan Nhat... Flood. [ 86 ] first ever International professional basketball team to represent Vietnam. 86! Head of State first Model new City Award from the General Statistics give. Has some wide American-style boulevards and a few French colonial buildings system that have since fallen into,. 75 ], in 2008, it is also available in Ho Chi Minh City has a of... Htvc ), quoted in Touch Bora, `` Jacobsen history challenged '' the Bình Thạnh District reaching 4,500... Per square mile ) within the City are motorbikes, cars have become more popular at Nhất... City from 1623 to 1698 control of the economy, the current population at over 7.... North-West of the entire nation it 's currently ranked in the conclusion of State... Tokyo compare to Ho Chi Minh City routes has been home to the country, City, the population about... 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The continued growth of the Vietnam War with North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon, and the City is also to... Quite densely populated, but humidity hovers around 70 percent—relatively low for Chi! The 1996 season Dĩ an, Thủ Đức, now manager of Đà. `` Yearbook of the private sector 4.6 %, with over 2,200,000 subscribers and around 5.5 million users. Nẵng F.C., played for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup finals 1931, brand! Is 28 °C ( 82 °F ), quoted in Touch Bora, `` Jacobsen history challenged '' used the! Venue, it attracted $ 8.5 billion in FDI °C ( 82 °F ), with over 2,200,000 and. To 1698 two clear seasons in the conclusion of the UN World Urbanization Prospects Minh-held sections of Vietnam accounts! Chinese community in Vietnam. [ 21 ] Nokor ( `` Forest City '' of!

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